Archive for the ‘Contemporary Monasteries’ Category
The Lanier Library Lecture Series – Saint Catherine’s Monastery – An Ark in the Wilderness – Father Justin – recorded 11-06-10
Subjects include Codex Sinaiticus, manuscripts of Mt Sinai and Greek Orthodoxy.
Saint Catherine’s Monastery is the world’s oldest continuously inhabited monastery, with a history extending back over 1700 years. In the mid-nineteenth century, it was at this monastery that what became known as codex Sinaiticus was discovered. It is the only known complete copy of the Greek New Testament in uncial script. Although this codex is now kept in the British Museum, St. Catherine’s library contains manuscripts famous throughout the world for their antiquity and for the range of languages that appear in the collection. Father Justin will show five manuscripts in particular that have been studied by scholars within the last year, as a way of demonstrating the continuing significance of the Sinai manuscripts for our understanding of the Scriptures and of the heritage of the Church.
Father Justin was born in Ft Worth, Texas, in 1949. He lived in Chile until the age of nine, after which his family moved to El Paso. After graduating from the University of Texas at Austin in 1971, he entered a Greek Orthodox monastery three years later. He was tonsured a monk in 1977, and ordained deacon and priest the following year. He has been a member of Saint Catherine’s Monastery since 1996, where his responsibilities have included the photography of the Sinai manuscripts with a high-resolution digital camera. Five years ago, the members of the community elected him librarian.
The Lanier Theological Library is an exciting new resource for all students and scholars of the Bible. The LTL is a research library and is open to everyone who will use it responsibly. Within the library, you will find a comprehensive collection of books, periodicals, historical documents and artifacts with topics ranging from Church History and Biblical Studies to Egyptology and Linguistics. The LTL regularly hosts events with noted authors, guest lecturers, and researchers who will challenge you both academically and spiritually. Come to the Lanier Theological Library and find serious tools for serious study.
For more info on this: http://www.laniertheologicallibrary.org/
Popular authour and podcastor Molly Sabourin reflects on her experience visiting Holy Dormition Orthodox Monastery in Rives Junction, Michigan.
You can listen to the podcast, entitled Salt, here. She asks, “If Christians are to be the salt of the earth, who will be the salt of Christians?”
Below is a beautiful piece of writing on the essential quality of the monastic life. It is from the website of the Holy Monastery of St. Paisius in Safford, Arizona.
BEHIND THE VISIBLE LIFE of the monastery is an invisible life of interior prayer that the monastic considers to be her deepest calling. Through such interior prayer, coupled with constant self-denial and ascetic labor, the monastic seeks to become near and like unto Christ. From her isolated cell, in daily prayer and repentance, the monastic seeks to meet Christ, to become united with Him, and to thereby allow her heart to be purified and enlarged with Christ’s all-embracing love. Only then can the monastic love her fellow man as Christ loves us all.
Accepting the fire of holy love, however, is sobering and exacting labor, accompanied by many tears. There are no guarantees (and often no outward indications) of “success.” It requires painful self-transformation to humble oneself and shed the outer shell of our nature (our jealousies, resentments, prideful aspirations, and the like) in order to find our true nature in Christ and become new creations. Indeed, only by allowing one’s heart to be humbled and enkindled by Divine Love can one be overtaken by Christ-like compassion and co-suffer with all who suffer in the world. The humbled heart enlarged by God’s love cannot bear to see any harm come to anyone, and thus it prays for everyone and is prepared, like Moses, to be erased from the book of life or, like the Apostle Paul, to be exiled from the Kingdom of God, even for the most grievous sinner or worst enemy. As St. Silouan said: “The monk is one who prays for the whole world…” That is the monastic calling; and that calling is worked out in the isolation of the monastic’s cell where, apart from the world, the monastic sees herself as she really is, with all her faults and passions and without the mediating factor of friends or family or success or recognition to tell her that she is important or good or righteous. The monastic chooses the life of obscurity and insignificance to crucify the ego. By dying to oneself, the heart is humbled and finds humanity. By withdrawing from the world, one is united with the world by being able to see oneself in all sinners. By crucifying one’s self-love, one finds one’s true self and can see others more clearly.
Strangely, then, it is from the monastic’s isolated cell and withdrawal from the world that she seeks to accomplish unity with the world. As St. Nilus wrote, a monastic is one who, withdrawing from all men, is united with all men. A monastic separates from people in order to learn to love them with complete and true love, which is inextricably bound up with perfect love of God.
The ascetic struggle begins by leaving the world so that the monastic can keep watch over herself more readily—away from the distractions of the world. It is there, in the quiet of solitude, that one can converse undisturbed with Christ, in prayer and contemplation, and can thus press toward complete victory over one’s passions.
You can visit the monastery’s gift shop here.
(Source) Schema-nun Sepphora, in the world Daria Nicholaevna Shnyakina (nee Senyakina) was an Orthodox ascetic and eldress. She was born in 1896, and desired from her early years to dedicate herself to God in monasticism, but due to her father’s early death she was compelled by her mother to marry in order to help support the family. Darya did not wish to disobey her mother. She went through many trials during the much-suffering twentieth century—“raskulachivanie”, or the confiscation of all property by the soviet authorities, famine, war, and persecution against the faithful. In 1967 she received the monastic tonsure in the Holy Trinity-St. Sergius Lavra, but she continued to live in the world. Her move to Klykovo was foretold to her in 1993, when the monastery was just being built, and no one knew about its existence. Schema-nun Sepphora reposed in the Lord at age 102 in Klykovo Monastery. Many people had found a in her a spiritual mother, consoler, and witness to faith in Christ.
Excerpt from Julia Posashko’s interview with Igumen Mikhail (Semenov):
Igumen Mikhail: …We had to restore the church having no money whatsoever for it—not a cent. So we went to ask the prayers of Schema-nun Sepphora.
How does one take a blessing from a woman?
Igumen Mikhail: Schema-nun Sepphora was waiting for us. It just so happens that in 1993, when Matushka prayed to the Mother of God to show her where she would end her days, the Heavenly Queen appeared to her and said, “Wait—the priests will come from Klykovo Monastery to take you there.” She waited for two years. At first there simply was nowhere to take her. We ourselves were living in very bad conditions here; we were building a building, and when we met her in 1995 it was half completed. Matushka starting hurrying us. “Build it faster, I am going to live with you.” We did what we could to finish the building and just before Christmas of 1996 we brought her here.
How did you meet Schema-nun Sepphora?
Igumen Mikhail: We met her in Optina. I had been there a month when one day I heard that an eldress had arrived, and everyone had a high opinion of her. They said that she was spiritual, clairvoyant, and a great woman of prayer… Naturally everyone was trying to see her; many of us had only begun the religious life, and we all had a great many questions. Well, I also went to see her. I was told, “Forget it! There are abbots waiting in line to see her. You won’t get in!” On the first night I did not get in, and I resigned myself to the probability that I would not see her. However, the next day I was leaving the Church of the Entrance of the Mother of God, and a laborer said to me, “Look, they are taking Matushka. Let’s go and get her blessing!” I thought, how does one get a blessing from a woman, and what is going on? But then I saw her blessing each person carefully with three fingers. I went up to her; she made the sign of the cross over me and asked, “Who are you?” I said, Sergei. She said with surprise, “And what are you doing here?” I said, “I am laboring in the steward’s department, helping the fathers.” She was silent, and then said, “But you and I are going to live together.” Her cell attendant whispered to me, “Listen to what Matushka says to you, she is an eldress!” We stood for a bit, were silent, and then Matushka Sepphora patted me on the shoulder. “Well, run on, run on for now!” I of course walked away perplexed. Where are she and I supposed to live together? Then I just put it out of my head. I remembered that conversation only when we were bringing Matushka here to Klykovo. She lived in our monastery until her death. We do not do anything to “advertise” Schema-nun Sepphora. It all happens by itself. People know her, and she really does help people. Some people told me, for example, that she stood during an operation next to one woman… The Hermitage of the Savior “Made Without Hands” in the village of Klykovo.
But isn’t there a certain spiritual danger in people always coming to the monastery, to her relics, to pray by the grave of the eldress not because they are seeking God, but only to solve their problems of everyday life?
Igumen Mikhail: Yes, often people have a poor understanding of God, but when they come up against an obvious miracle from a specific saint it strengthens their faith. After that, God looks for action from a person. But in order to light the flame in him a miracle is often needed. He is smart enough to turn to one or another saint and prays, and the miracle happens. It is a little push, and the person begins his first spiritual steps. He may not receive the same “advance pay” the second or third time—you can’t deceive God.
Did you have such a launching point?
Igumen Mikhail: I did not seek out miracles, and it was not my goal to pray one out. I simply lived my life with the thought that I wanted the Lord to do what was necessary in me. My sole desire was to learn from people of holy life. The Lord aided me in this—I knew many elders.
*A nun’s head-covering
The Nativity of the Theotokos Monastery, founded in 1989, serves under His Eminence Metropolitan Savas of the Greek Orthodox Diocese of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The Monastery, located in Saxonburg, is dedicated to the Birth of the Mother of God, the Theotokos, and celebrates Her feast day on September 8th.
A visitor to the monastery finds a peaceful landscape that invites them to leave behind all cares and enter into a rhythm of solitude, experience a life where nuns can be heard ceaselessly saying the Jesus prayer “Lord Jesus Christ have mercy on me”. It is a place that is dedicated to the worship and praise of God. Byzantine chanting is heard celebrating the Divine Liturgy and invites the pilgrim to join with quiet reverence.
The Monastery serves as an oasis for pilgrims welcoming them and offering comfort from struggles and afflictions in a caring, spiritually nurturing environment. It is a place where children find joy and are often seen at play.
It all began 25 years ago in the village of Portaria, Greece, at the beautiful monastery of Panagia Odigitria [Mother of God the Directress]. In 1971, a young woman, Aphrodite Doukas, became a novice and one year later was tonsured a Great Schema nun and given the name Taxiarchia. In 1989, her spiritual father, Elder Ephraim, Abbot of the Monastery of Philotheou on Mount Athos, Greece brought her to America.
And along with Bishop Maximos, they tonsured her the first Abbess of the monastery. Nine months later, the current Abbess of the Monastery, Gerontissa Theophano joined the Sisterhood. Gerontissa Taxiarchia then began to fulfill the vision that was given to her by both founders: to maintain a life dedicated to prayer and to missionize to the faithful of the Orthodox Church.
Gerontissa Taxiarchia reposed in the Lord on August 3, 1994. Under the spiritual guidance of Gerontissa Theophano, the Monastery continues the legacy that was left behind by her spiritual mother Gerontissa Taxiarchia. Fourteen nuns now serve the Monastery, applying their skills to glorify God. They support themselves through hand-painted icons; icons on wood, agate, marble and embroidery; through sewing baptismal outfits, priest’s vestments and ecclesiastical items; making komboskinia [prayer ropes], candles for weddings and baptisms and hand-made soaps among other handiwork. The nuns are self-sustaining, raising their own produce and maintaining the grounds.
With the blessing and encouragement of His Eminence Metropolitan Savas, the Monastery has embarked on a project to expand the monastery, to renovate the existing structure to accommodate guests, increase the living space for the nuns, and build a church.
To learn more about the monastery, view photos and read about their building project see here.
Christ is Risen!
Below is the transcript of a talk I gave for Holy Trinity Monastery fundraiser at the Four Seasons restaurant in London, ON, November 10, 2013. Gerontissa Macrina reposed on May 22 (Old Style) 1994.
You may notice that some stories are not written in full below. That is because at certain points in the talk I did not use notes. If you wish to hear these stories in full you can watch the recording here.
Gerontissa Macrina (the Greek title for elderess) is a very special person, for not only did she have a great influence on the spiritual lives of many in Greece, but in North America as well. A few of the women’s monasteries under the spiritual direction of Geronda Ephraim trace their roots to Gerontissa Macrina since he took nuns from her monastery to establish other monasteries.
If I could be so bold, I would say that just as Geronda Ephraim is the father of the revitalization of cenobitic monasticism in North America, so Gerontissa Macrina is the mother of this revitalization. She is a Mother for all Orthodox Christians, because she is, in every sense of the word, a Mother of the Church. She is a saint like the saints of old: wise in spiritual matters, reverent in every regard and virtuous beyond compare! She is, in my humble opinion, an abbess like St. Irene Chrystovalandou and St. Macrina the sister of St. Basil the Great. And for this reason, she is a Mother for us all.
While she lived many great contemporary spiritual elders recognized her purity of heart and the grace of God which dwelt in her. Elder Iakovos Tsalikis – who lived in St. David’s Monastery in Evia – used to say, “If I lived in Volos I would go on foot to kiss Gerontissa’s hand and get her blessing before going to work each day.” Once, Gerontissa met Elder Paisios of the Holy Mountain. She traveled to Halikidi where Geronda was staying at a monastery and when they saw each other they both prostrated, one to the other (just like St. Mary of Egypt and St. Zosimas). Elder Ephraim Katanakiotis also loved and respected her very much. When she went to visit him at a hospital he was staying in his disciple asked him if he would receive her and he proclaimed, “Open wide the doors!” In fact, Elder Ephraim of Katonakia prayed and received confirmation from God that Gerontissa occupied a very high spiritual state like that of Elder Joseph the Hesychast (a very holy man who reposed in 1959). See, Gerontissa wasn’t merely a mother for the nuns in Greece and in North America. She was a mother even to these saintly men!
By looking at the life and teachings of Gerontissa Macrina, we want to stress the importance of monasticism. Because of the holy monasteries we have spiritual giants such as Gerontissa Macrina. She – through monastic struggle – became a saint and because she acquired holiness thousands of people profit from her influence, the example of her selfless life. This is why the monasteries are important! They produce saints and teach us how to become saints in the world.
There is a book about Gerontissa Macrina that her monastery published last year, about her life and teachings. Her book is aptly called Λόγια Καρδίας (Words from the Heart) and her words not only come from the heart but penetrate the heart as well. If you read her book you will see that just about every paragraph describes some miracle Gerontissa lived. At times I would read it and actually become discouraged seeing as though I am spiritual light-years behind Gerontissa.
Gerontissa Macrina experienced many hardships, but she also experienced many states of grace. However, it is not the miracles she experienced and describes that make her a Mother of the Church. It was the little things that show us that she had acquired a high level of virtue and this should encourage us to also struggle here in the world to emulate Gerontissa’s uncomprising fight to attain holiness – not so we can say we had so-and-so saint visit us, heal us, etc. but so we can attract the grace of God and become “gods by grace”.
When we have Christ living in us, like Gerontissa had, everything becomes light, everything easy, everything joyful. The greatest hardships in the world become means for us to commune with God, and instead of complaining we praise Him. Because hardships, tribulations and difficulties – as we will see in the life of Gerontissa Macrina – serve to help us seek and struggle to live a Christ-centered life. And it is about these things I wish to speak, for seeing visions and smelling divine fragrances are worthless if we don’t strive everyday to live for Christ so that He might live in us, transforming our darkness into light, our sadness into joy, and our tribulations into opportunities for spiritual victories.
It was in the little ways that Gerontissa Macrina’s virtue manifested itself. And it is in the little ways that we can emulate her, and with the help of God root out our evil habits, root out our dissatisfactions with our children, our in-laws, our jobs, and ultimately become full of peace and joy.
Gerontissa Macrina’s name in the world was Maria Vassopoulou. She was born in 1921 in the village of Χατζλέρι in the western part of Asia Minor. Her parents brought her to Greece during the Exchange of Population in 1922. They eventually settled in Νέα Ιωνία in Volos – the city in which Gerontissa and her nuns would later build a monastery.
By the young age of 9 she had lost both parents. Her father fell asleep first on Clean Monday in 1929 and the next year, again on Clean Monday, her mother passed away. Little Maria and her four-year old brother were left orphaned. This hardship was the first of many in Gerontissa Macrina’s life – all of which she accepted with fortitude and patience, and through which the grace of God made her holy.
As soon as she saved enough money from working, little Maria gave money to her spiritual father to serve 40 Liturgies for the souls of her parents. This alms-giving benefited their souls greatly and they were transposed to an even greater place in Paradise.
There were times during the war when her and her brother were literally starving to death. But before her father died, he was informed not only of his and his wife’s impending death, but also that God would protect and provide for little Maria and her brother George. Although it seemed that many times they would die, God protected them. For an entire year edible greens grew outside the window of their home and no matter how many times they picked the greens they’d grow back at an impossible speed. You see, from this we learn that sometimes it seems like God has abandoned us. He promised to take care of these children, and yet at times they almost died of starvation. Sometimes it seems like God has abandoned us, turned His back on us, but we need to be patient and we will see how much He cares for us at every turn!
From a young age little Maria enjoyed reading the Scriptures, lives of the saints, hymns, and Patristic and ascetical writings. See, we need to read these things to our children and grandchildren from a young to help them learn from holy writings which not only make them wise, but virtuous, just as Gerontissa was from childhood.
Maria, though a child, had a faithful and ascetical mindset. She fully trusted in God, just as we should do. Once while visiting family friends in Athens she heard about an illumined geronda who was clairvoyant staying in Piraeus. One morning she made her cross and set out, fasting, to find the elder, but she didn’t know his address. She just walked and prayed for God’s guidance. Just as it was getting dark Maria decided to stop and ask someone if they knew where the elder was staying. The first door she knocked on, who answered? The very elder she was looking for! He invited her in, fed her and advised her. And he revealed many things about her future. Such was this child’s faith that she completely entrusted herself to God. What a great example for us not to worry about this or that, but to pray, make our cross and have faith and patience. God takes care of everything!
She had great love for and trust in her spiritual father. She would ask him to cross her and miracles would occur on account of her faith and obedience…
Such was her virtue. She struggled, she confessed her sins, she did perfect obedience to her spiritual father, she humbled herself and with the grace of God she enjoyed great states of prayer and blessedness.
After working in the world until we was in her late thirties, Maria and some of her spiritual sisters from the world found a place wherein they could live out the monastic life. They contacted Elder Joseph the Hesychast (the elder of Geronda Ephraim) and he became their spiritual father and director (after his death Geronda Ephraim of Arizona became the monastery’s spiritual father). Without having ever met Maria, and even though there were other women older than her, Geronda Iosif prayed and saw a green pasture with many sheep gathered around Maria. There appeared a monkey who was trying to bother the sheep but Maria shoed it far away with a reed she was holding. Thus Geronda had confirmation from God that it was His will for Maria to guide and protect the sisterhood.
On account of her humility, however, it was very difficult for Maria to accept this. So the elder prayed for her to receive confirmation herself that this was God’s will for her. One evening Maria saw the Holy Forerunner John claiming a mountain toward the heavens with a staff in his hand. She followed behind him and behind her a host of monastics. At some point the saint stopped, turned toward Maria and handed her his staff. After this Maria accepted God’s will and thus she became Gerontissa Macrina in holy monasticism. This is a little example of her great humility! She wasn’t able to make herself the leader without firm confirmation from God, but once she received the confirmation she didn’t insist on her will, but accepted God’s will for her.
As we’ve seen, her virtues weren’t limited to monasticism. She herself tells us that while in the world she struggled to obey her spiritual father. She taught that obedience to your spiritual father brings the soul joy, it is the cause of constant gratitude; obedience is a golden life which gives you strength and grace and keeps our consciences clean. And she tells us, this caused her to feel the presence of God. She convinced herself that even while in the world those around her were like her cenovio (her sisterhood) and she did obedience those people. She said doing our own will, what our thoughts tell us, instead of obedience is one of the greatest downfalls we are able to experience.
Another thing that Gerontissa spoke a great deal about was not wasting time. This was of great concern to her. God gave us the time that we have in this life to draw closer to Him. We need to safeguard this time, use it wisely. She taught that we need order in our lives and spiritual lives. Reading the lives of the saints, prayer, reading Scripture, these were all things she stressed. She would say the Fathers, the saints, did not have more than we do. They fought the same passions and struggled to live holy lives, just as we should do; with struggle and a good disposition they arrived at holiness, just as we are able to. If they were able to succeed, we have no excuses, because all we need to do is put in a little effort and God will give us so much grace that no spiritual victory will be impossible for us to accomplish. Even if only for one week, she said, we were to struggle to keep silent and pray we would see – even in this short period of time – the depth of God’s love!!!
God’s grace visits us when someone upsets us, they say harsh things to us, criticize or fight with us, if we keep our thoughts humble even in the midst of these trials God will visit us with grace! God will change our hearts – hard as stone though they may be, He will make our darkness light and our cold hearts to burn with love for God. And when we see the grace of God we’ll say: “I’m gonna try not to have disdain for anyone in my soul.” And even to those who hate us and treat us poorly we will say, “This person is a saint in my eyes!” And gradually all the vices in our hearts will flee and God’s grace will reign.
Gerontissa not only loved God above all and taught her nuns to love Him, but she also loved her neighbour as herself. With pain of heart she would pray for people and they would receive great benefit. She once prayed for her friend, a woman who was a teacher in the world. This teacher didn’t believe in God as Trinity. She couldn’t understand and refused to believe how God in Trinity could be one essence since God is also three persons. Gerontissa prayed very much for this misguided teacher, for Gerontissa feared what the woman was teaching the children in school about God since she was in error. Gerontissa prayed so much for this woman that one night three angels appeared to this woman. They told her, “Examine us and see if you can find any difference between us.” She examined them from their heads to their toes, their height, their nails, their eyes, hair, everything. She could not find a single difference between them. “There is no difference between you,” she answered. “Now do you believe in the one essence?” The woman ran to Gerontissa’s house (this was before Gerontissa became a monastic), she told her the story and began crying, “You prayed for me!” she said. “Now I will teach this at school.”
After this experience the woman became very faithful! All through Gerontissa’s prayers! Her love and her prayers corrected this woman’s wrong belief. And this is a great testimony for us – prayer works wonders. We should never give up on someone, pray, pray, pray and God will enlighten them because His love and mercy are greater than ours and He’s always looking for an excuse to help someone. So we should pray – even for those who hate us!
Gerontissa tells another story about a woman who slandered her and the spiritual benefit we can receive from praying for those who hate us and never judging, not even those who slander us…
And so, agapite mou adelfoi, brothers and sisters, St. Paul says “Let us fear then, lest perhaps, being left a promise to enter into His rest, any of you [us] seems to have come short of it” (Heb. 4:1). What excuse will we give to the Just Judge if we too don’t reach holiness? What will we say? We’ll have no words. We will stand in silence, filled with shame because the medicine was there for the taking, all our lives the pill of holiness is offered to us, all we have to do is swallow it, pick up our cross and follow Him, deny ourselves – struggle in other words. Woe to us if we don’t make a spiritual effort! Woe is us if we leave the acquisition of holiness up to people like Gerontissa Macrina, to the monastics. Woe to us! For all we need to do is give one, and God gives one hundred. May we then, through the prayers of holy Gerontissa Macrina, and all monastics, arrive at holiness even here in the world!